Ecologization of the Hotel Business in Ukraine
The article deals with the problems of ecologization of the activities of hotel sector enterprises of Ukraine in the context of the transition to the sustainable development and preservation of the environment. The hotel business is an important component of the economy of many countries, but during the production of hotel and tourist services, the environment is changing too. At the same time, negative changes prevail, causing significant and ever-increasing diseconomies to environmental resources. Despite the increase in the volume of cost of environmental protection measures, in 2016 in Ukraine as a whole, emissions of pollutants into the atmospheric air from the fixed sources of environmental pollution increased by 7, 7%. This amounted to almost 3, 1 million tons, as compared to 2015. In addition, from the fixed sources of environmental pollution, 150, 5 million tons of carbon dioxide, that is the main greenhouse gas, were released into the atmospheric air, that is 8, 4% more, as compared to 2015. It was determined that the modern hotel business in Ukraine cannot develop without interaction with the environment; however, under the condition of ecologization of the management of its development, it is possible to reduce the detrimental effect. The attention is focused on the fact that the requirements for the ecologization of objects that provide temporary accommodation services are established by the environmental standard of SOU OEM 08.002.30.059, “Services for temporary accommodation (part-time residence). Environmental criteria”. The implementation of the requirements of this standard will determine the environmental advantages; it will let to implement a system of environmental management of the services provided by hotels. It was developed within the framework of the Ukrainian eco-labelling programme in accordance with the international standard ISO 14024. In this regard, for the hotel management it is recommended to form an effective mechanism for implementing environmental policies in the field of business processes, the effective mechanism for sustainable development, to comply with the requirements for environmentally balanced use of environmental resources in the hospitality sector.
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