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Flood Risk, Adaptation and ‘Development’ Right: A Case Study of Flood Risk

S. Mohammed Irshad, Yu. I. Danko


Recurring floods in Assam are no longer considered as news; they happen every year and the people there are forced to live with these floods. The absence of development as an institution hampers the flood risk management and pushes the community into further vulnerability. However, the government agencies have not been showing any interest in considering it as a structural problem, and are finding no sustainable alternatives. Each flood widens the regional disparities and stretches the marginality of the affected communities. The community is not even included in the damage and loss assessment carried out by the State agencies; hence, no compensation or any effective support system is offered. The people have to depend on local community initiatives rather than the State institutions for their survival. Such dependencies often question the established notions of resilience and adaptation. Lack of institutions and recurring flood risk are, in fact, excluding the community, which is making their long-term economic mobility a forgone concept.


Assam flood, Dhemaji district, resilience, cumulative vulnerability, marginality, risk

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