Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Economic Development and Environment: The Indian Experience

Kuldeep Singh, Sharanjit Singh Dhillon


In this paper an effort has been made to analyze and compare the position of Indian states with respect to environmental quality level by using different environmental indicators of air, water, forest and other indicators responsible for the diversity of environment, for which the air index, water index, forest index and composite environmental performance index has been constructed. The study found that the better performing states with respect to overall environmental quality in terms of composite environmental performance index (EPI) were Goa, Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Orissa, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. On the other hand, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Nagaland, West Bengal and Gujarat are poor performing states in terms of overall environmental quality. The comparison of environmental performance index (EPI) with different economic development indicators shows that there is positive relationship of EPI with share of industry and literacy rate. However, negative relationship has been found between EPI and population density. No clear relationship emerges between EPI and NSDP per capita as well as EPI and urban population.


Economic Development, Environment, Environmental Quality

Full Text:


Disclaimer/Regarding indexing issue:

We have provided the online access of all issues and papers to the indexing agencies (as given on journal web site). It’s depend on indexing agencies when, how and what manner they can index or not. Hence, we like to inform that on the basis of earlier indexing, we can’t predict the today or future indexing policy of third party (i.e. indexing agencies) as they have right to discontinue any journal at any time without prior information to the journal. So, please neither sends any question nor expects any answer from us on the behalf of third party i.e. indexing agencies.Hence, we will not issue any certificate or letter for indexing issue. Our role is just to provide the online access to them. So we do properly this and one can visit indexing agencies website to get the authentic information.