Economic Development and Environment: The Indian Experience
In this paper an effort has been made to analyze and compare the position of Indian states with respect to environmental quality level by using different environmental indicators of air, water, forest and other indicators responsible for the diversity of environment, for which the air index, water index, forest index and composite environmental performance index has been constructed. The study found that the better performing states with respect to overall environmental quality in terms of composite environmental performance index (EPI) were Goa, Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Orissa, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. On the other hand, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Nagaland, West Bengal and Gujarat are poor performing states in terms of overall environmental quality. The comparison of environmental performance index (EPI) with different economic development indicators shows that there is positive relationship of EPI with share of industry and literacy rate. However, negative relationship has been found between EPI and population density. No clear relationship emerges between EPI and NSDP per capita as well as EPI and urban population.
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