Ecological and Economic Security Assessment in the System of Regional Environmental Management: A Case Study of Ukraine
In the article the analysis of methodical approaches to the assessment of the level of ecological and economic security of regions is done. The authors proposed to assess ecological and economic security as integrated index which takes into account the interrelation of financial and ecological components and the influence of natural and artificial risks. It is identified the main indicators of integrated index of ecological and economic security. The scale of regions’ grading (depressed, satisfactory secure, acceptably secure regions), depending on the value of the integrated index is worked out. In the manuscript the authors estimated the level of ecological and economic security of regions of Ukraine. According to the results the majority of regions of Ukraine have the low (in average not higher than 0,2) level of security. The authors highlighted that given approach, will allow to improve the quality of regional management by means of strategy development which is the most favorable for the financial possibilities and ecological situation in region. It is proposed to develop measures for effective distribution of budget funds, depending on the level of developed index.
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