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Division by Zero z/0 = 0 in Euclidean Spaces

Hiroshi Michiwaki, Hiroshi Okumura, Saburou Saitoh


In this paper, we will show the division by zero z/0 = 0 in Euclidean spaces and the results will show that the division by zero is our elementary and fundamental mathematics.


Division by zero, 1/0 = 0, field, Y-field, point at infinity, infinity, gradient, curvature, area, volume, special relative theory, Einstein, Newton method, ratio.

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