Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Economic Expansion, Urban Mobility and the Mono-centric Model: A Multivariate Spatial Analysis of Commuting Patterns in a Metropolitan Region ofSouthern Europe

L. Salvati, I. Zambon


Empirical evidences have demonstrated that mono-centric models are undergoing a progressive transformation towards low-density, scattered or polycentric structures all over Europe. However, Mediterranean cities are probably the socioeconomic contexts where transition to dispersed spatial structures is more evident due to the presence of consolidated compact and dense urban forms representative of mono-centric structures and functions reflecting the 1960s-1970s demographic boom. With the aim of better understanding the latent socioeconomic structure of classical mono-centric systems transitioning towards a more dispersed metropolitan configuration, a spatial framework providing a comprehensive outlook of commuting patterns in the Athens' Metropolitan Region (AMR) was proposed in this study. The analysis was run on commuting flows derived from the 2001 population census at municipal scale using a mix of multivariate techniques assessing urban hierarchy from central to more peripheral locations. Central locations, including inner cities of Athens and Piraeus, exhibit a balanced rate of residents-to-internal workers, attracting considerable workers' flows from neighbouring places. Employment sub-centres (resident population > 10,000) emerged as a response to the infrastructural development driven by the 2004 Olympic Games, featuring a particularly high concentration of workers commuting from neighbouring municipalities. Taken together, results of this analysis indicate the persistence of a bi-centric spatial structure gravitating on Athens and Piraeus, with early formation of employment sub-centres in eastern and western districts and a moderate alteration of the mono-centric scheme in specific peri-urban areas because of sprawled settlement expansion.


Metropolitan structure, Employment sub-centres, Exploratory multivariate data analysis, Distance matrix, Greece.

Full Text:


Disclaimer/Regarding indexing issue:

We have provided the online access of all issues and papers to the indexing agencies (as given on journal web site). It’s depend on indexing agencies when, how and what manner they can index or not. Hence, we like to inform that on the basis of earlier indexing, we can’t predict the today or future indexing policy of third party (i.e. indexing agencies) as they have right to discontinue any journal at any time without prior information to the journal. So, please neither sends any question nor expects any answer from us on the behalf of third party i.e. indexing agencies.Hence, we will not issue any certificate or letter for indexing issue. Our role is just to provide the online access to them. So we do properly this and one can visit indexing agencies website to get the authentic information.