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Relationship between Industrial Structure and Pollution Density: Evidence from Recent Industrialization in China

D. C. Tang, Y. Yang

Abstract


Based on Chenery’s industrialization theories, relationships between industrial structure and environment pollution density have been studied in this paper. From the results of empirical research on both industrial and regional panel data, a relatively higher industrial concentration was found in high and new technology industries, and with the reinforcement of concentration, pollution densities in specific industries would be decreasing. However, the concentration of resource-intensive industries has brought some pressure to environment. Pollution and the labor-intensive industries were declining at the same direction, while the expanding of industrial capital has made pollution density larger. Developed regions had relatively higher speed in their industrialization, and with the fastening of industrialization, pollution densities were decreasing simultaneously.

Keywords


Industrial structure, Hoffmann coefficient, machining coefficient, industrial concentration, pollution density.

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