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System of Systems Future Capability Requirement of Tourism Industry: Towards Intelligence Approach Based Evaluation

L. M. Bai


With the strengthening of the position and role of tourism industry in the national economy, its industrial organization composition and its interaction with other socio-economic sectors become increasingly complex, therefore forms more complex stakeholder networks and interest balance problems, and brings more profound impacts on regional economy, social culture, ecology and environment. The complexity of tourism industry has been gradually recognized in practice. However, the unique features demonstrated in tourism development, such as vagueness of industrial boundary and problem that optimization of group or individual interests does not guarantee industrial overall optimization, have revealed some limitations of complexity science world of view and brought about certain difficulties in the application of complex systems approaches. In other words, tourism research is facing an emerging “system of systems” problem, which hinders the comprehensive capability and the joint capability of tourism industry. Therefore, this paper explores system of systems (SoS) science as an alternative paradigm to simulate the structure and the evolution of large-scale complex tourism industrial organizations, and puts forward a concept set of “System of Systems Future Capability Requirement (SoSFCR)” to assess the strategic capability desired in the future evolution stages of tourism industry. A frame of system of systems engineering process based on intelligence approaches is proposed as well. Though still in initial stage, the future capability oriented system of systems thinking exhibits great potential for industrial planning and management.


System of systems (SoS), future capability requirement, tourism, intelligence approach.

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