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Fuzzy c-means variants for medical image segmentation

Huiyu Zhou, Gerald Schaefer


Segmentation is an important step in many medical imaging applications and a variety of image segmentation techniques exist. One group of segmentation algorithms is based on clustering concepts. In this article we investigate several fuzzy c-means based clustering algorithms and their application to medical image segmentation. In particular we evaluate the conventional hard c-means (HCM) and fuzzy c-means (FCM) approaches as well as three computationally more efficient derivatives of fuzzy c-means: fast FCM with random sampling, fast generalised FCM, and a new anisotropic mean shift based FCM.


medical image segmentation, clustering, fuzzy c-means

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