Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Polymorphism of Landscape-Zonal Systems: An Empirical-Statistical Modeling

E. G. Kolomyts


The report presents for the first time the results of quantitative assessment of the mechanisms of monosystem (geocomponental) organization of landscape-zonal systems by the example of forest and forest-steppe landscapes of the Volga River basin. The geosynergistic (synthetical) unity of monosystem landscape structures is expressed by the general partial measure of closeness of connections between different geocomponental attributes. It has been established that natural landscapes and all geosystems of the higher taxonomic orders (landscape zones, provinces, and domains) are characterized by generally low mean statistical values of closeness of component interrelations and a narrow range of their variation. These are the principal conditions for manifestation of landscape polymorphism.

The two types of landscape polymorphism are described: parametric and territorial. Landscape “projections” (partial sub-systems) with the highest equivalence of geocomponental blocks are considered by the author as geosynergetic “cores” of the general monosystem structure of zonal-regional complexes. In the main watershed of the Volga River basin, only 7 partial landscape structures with the core properties are formed out of 21 possible paired combinations of geocomponental blocks: thermo-edaphic, oro-edaphic, thermo-productive, edapho-productive, thermo-geochemical, oro-geochemical, and edapho-geochemical. The author has prepared a series of maps illustrating the degree of manifestation of partial landscape structures in different kinds of landscapes and in zonal geospaces on the main watershed of the Russian Plain.


landscape ecology, landscape-zonal systems, polymorphism of nature complexes, empirical statistical modeling, landscape mapping

Full Text:


Disclaimer/Regarding indexing issue:

We have provided the online access of all issues and papers to the indexing agencies (as given on journal web site). It’s depend on indexing agencies when, how and what manner they can index or not. Hence, we like to inform that on the basis of earlier indexing, we can’t predict the today or future indexing policy of third party (i.e. indexing agencies) as they have right to discontinue any journal at any time without prior information to the journal. So, please neither sends any question nor expects any answer from us on the behalf of third party i.e. indexing agencies.Hence, we will not issue any certificate or letter for indexing issue. Our role is just to provide the online access to them. So we do properly this and one can visit indexing agencies website to get the authentic information. Also: DOI is paid service which provided by a third party. We never mentioned that we go for this for our any journal. However, journal have no objection if author go directly for this paid DOI service.