Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Attractiveness of the Arctic Zone and the Northern Territories of Russia for Migrants

I.V. Druzhinina, E.V. Kurushina, V.A. Kurushina

Abstract



This study is focused on the influence of factors on the processes of external and internal migration of the Northern territories of the Russian Federation. Taking into account the heterogeneity of the socio-economic space of Russia, the clusterisation of 83 subjects of the Russian Federation is conducted utilising the panel data about 12 territory characteristics in 2005-2015. The Northern cluster is the combination of 17 subjects of the Russian Federation, including 4 subjects fully located in the Arctic zone. The designed statistically significant regression models of the migration growth rate in the Northern cluster allow to determine the priorities of management of the territory attractiveness for life. The provision of population with new housing constitutes the most important direction of the socio-economic development for all migrants of the Northern cluster among the directions declared in the development strategy of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. The model of internal migration reveals that the factor of population density is the most attractive feature of the social agglomeration. On the basis of the model of external migration, it is found that the largest influence on the dependent variable belongs to the factors of provision of communication services and the social security of population. According to the data from regression analysis, the distinctive feature of migrants from the EU countries is the preference for characteristics of the economic development of the territory, which is estimated by the density of motorways, and also by the competitiveness of production measured by the export per capita in the region.

Keywords


Territories of Arctic zone, regional attractiveness for migrants.

Full Text:

PDF


Disclaimer/Regarding indexing issue:

We have provided the online access of all issues and papers to the indexing agencies (as given on journal web site). It’s depend on indexing agencies when, how and what manner they can index or not. Hence, we like to inform that on the basis of earlier indexing, we can’t predict the today or future indexing policy of third party (i.e. indexing agencies) as they have right to discontinue any journal at any time without prior information to the journal. So, please neither sends any question nor expects any answer from us on the behalf of third party i.e. indexing agencies.Hence, we will not issue any certificate or letter for indexing issue. Our role is just to provide the online access to them. So we do properly this and one can visit indexing agencies website to get the authentic information.