Investigating hydrochemistry and the groundwater quality to Tabuk, Jauf and Hail Regions, Saudi Arabia from the prospects of its suitability for agricultural, using Descriptive statistics
The current study emphases on hydrochemicalevaluation of groundwater in Northwestern part of Saudi Arabia and particularly in Tabuk, Jauf and Hail regions. In this region, the aquifers are appeared to be as confined aquifers. The main aquifer has extensive outcrop areas along the boundary with the Arabian Shield in the west, where it receives some recharge which is less than the volumes abstracted from the aquifer. Groundwater samples were gathered from about 60 groundwater wells and tested for various physico-chemical parameters such as electrical conductivity (EC), pH, temperature, total dis-solved solids (TDS), Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+, CO3−, HCO3,Cl , SO4, and NO3. Groundwater in the area is slightly alkaline and hard in nature. Electrical conductivity (EC) varies between 171 and 5061 μS/cm with an average value of 982μS/cm. The distribution of major ions in the groundwater is Ca++>Na+ > Mg++ >K+ and Cl− >SO4−2>HCO3−. Using Pipers classification, groundwater was classified under Na-C-SO4 water type. The GW has acquired unique chemical characteristics through prolonged rock water interactions, percolation of irrigation return water and reactions at vadose zone.
Disclaimer/Regarding indexing issue:
We have provided the online access of all issues and papers to the indexing agencies (as given on journal web site). It’s depend on indexing agencies when, how and what manner they can index or not. Hence, we like to inform that on the basis of earlier indexing, we can’t predict the today or future indexing policy of third party (i.e. indexing agencies) as they have right to discontinue any journal at any time without prior information to the journal. So, please neither sends any question nor expects any answer from us on the behalf of third party i.e. indexing agencies.Hence, we will not issue any certificate or letter for indexing issue. Our role is just to provide the online access to them. So we do properly this and one can visit indexing agencies website to get the authentic information.