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Evolution of Coast in the Vicinity of a Seawater Intake Structure in Kuwait
Sabiya power plant in Kuwait draws seawater through an open channel intake structure for cooling purpose. The intake channel of 1400 m long, built during 1988-89, is jetting into a tidal inlet of about 4000 m wide and having Total Suspend Sediments (TSS) in the range of 300 to 750 mg. This location is also in the immediate vicinity of Euphrates and Tigris river delta. During 1990-2003, the water and sediments from the Mesopotamian marshlands in Iraq was systematically drained into the North-Western part of the Arabian Gulf, where this power plant is located. The drained marshland has brought a large quantity of sediments into this area. The coastline around the power plant has evolved significantly during the last 18 years. Remote sensing technique is used to estimate the magnitude of shore line changes around this site during 1989 to 2007. It is found that the immediate vicinity around the Sabiya power plant intake area has sediment accretion to the extent of 1000 to 1400 m. Kuwait is planning a mega coastal township around this area, a major port in Boubyan Island and a major master plan for Failaka Island, which are located in this zone with high tide induced currents and TSS. It is recommended that due consideration and attention should be given for the shoreline evolution happened already during the past decades, in order to tackle the post construction effects of mega ports and different coastal structures around this site.
Sabiya power plant, shoreline accretion, change detection, LANDSAT and IRS-P5 images, Aerial photos
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