Double Delayed Q-learning
Delayed Q-learning is an efficient model-free reinforcement-learning algorithm. This algorithm is guaranteed to converge in polynomial time to near optimal policies in Markov decision processes. However, Delayed Q-learning performs very poorly in some stochastic environments because it overestimates action values. Overestimated action values are caused by a positive bias that is a result of using the maximum value function to update the maximum expected action value. This paper applies the double-estimator method to Delayed Q-learning to construct a new algorithm called Double Delayed Q-learning (2D Q-learning). The 2D Q-learning was tested using the gambling game of roulette. The experimental results showed that 2D Q-learning converges to an optimal policy and that it performs better than Delayed Q-learning in some settings where Delayed Q-learning has a poor performance because of its large overestimation.
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