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Stingless Bee Foraging Behaviour Algorithm for Optimisation

Endra Joelianto, Bowo Prakoso


Foraging behaviour of stingless bee has specific characteristics and it is of interest to be adapted as an optimisation algorithm. Foraging behaviour of stingless bee either as an individual worker or as a colony is different from the foraging behaviour of other group of bees. This paper considers an optimisation algorithm based on specific characters of stingless bee. The developed stingless bee algorithm is then tested for solving an optimisation problem of a wireless network routing with residual energy cognizance. Elapsed time of the computation of the stingless bee algorithm is examined by varying node number using 5 nodes, 10 nodes, 15 nodes, 20 nodes, and 25 nodes. The larger number of nodes means there are more candidate of solutions. The reduction mechanism and the early termination mechanism used in the stingless bee algorithm are the important parts of the developed stingless bee algorithm. The two mechanisms distinguish the algorithm from other bee colony based algorithms.


Stingless bee algorithm, foraging behaviour, optimisation, reduction mechanism, early-termination mechanism, energy cognizance routing.

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