Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Unequal Geographic Distribution of Industrial Firms in the Central of Tunisia: A Comparison of Two Adaptive Models

K. Ben-Ahmed, F. Mansouri


This paper aims to analyze the geographic distribution of industrial firms in the central of Tunisia and its determinants. Two different models are adapted to explain why industrial firms concentrate in a certain region. The results show that the spatial distribution of industrial firms among different perspectives of spatial analysis is unequal, indicating a concentration in coastal and more developed delegations, and a scarcity of interior and remote delegations. The statistical analysis shows that the unequal geographic distribution of industrial firms in the region is not only explained by microeconomic variables as indicated in the literature but also by spatial interaction, heterogeneity or both. The findings stress the important risk of misleading scientists and policy-makers conclusions when nonspatial models are used to analyze spatially structured industrial firms’ distribution. Overall, our paper offers guidelines for a better comprehension of regional disparities which could compromise efforts to achieve universal coverage by 2019.


spatial model, spatial dependence, regional disparities, industrial firms, Tunisia.

Full Text:


Disclaimer/Regarding indexing issue:

We have provided the online access of all issues and papers to the indexing agencies (as given on journal web site). It’s depend on indexing agencies when, how and what manner they can index or not. Hence, we like to inform that on the basis of earlier indexing, we can’t predict the today or future indexing policy of third party (i.e. indexing agencies) as they have right to discontinue any journal at any time without prior information to the journal. So, please neither sends any question nor expects any answer from us on the behalf of third party i.e. indexing agencies.Hence, we will not issue any certificate or letter for indexing issue. Our role is just to provide the online access to them. So we do properly this and one can visit indexing agencies website to get the authentic information.