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Unequal Geographic Distribution of Industrial Firms in the Central of Tunisia: A Comparison of Two Adaptive Models

K. Ben-Ahmed, F. Mansouri

Abstract



This paper aims to analyze the geographic distribution of industrial firms in the central of Tunisia and its determinants. Two different models are adapted to explain why industrial firms concentrate in a certain region. The results show that the spatial distribution of industrial firms among different perspectives of spatial analysis is unequal, indicating a concentration in coastal and more developed delegations, and a scarcity of interior and remote delegations. The statistical analysis shows that the unequal geographic distribution of industrial firms in the region is not only explained by microeconomic variables as indicated in the literature but also by spatial interaction, heterogeneity or both. The findings stress the important risk of misleading scientists and policy-makers conclusions when nonspatial models are used to analyze spatially structured industrial firms’ distribution. Overall, our paper offers guidelines for a better comprehension of regional disparities which could compromise efforts to achieve universal coverage by 2019.

Keywords


spatial model, spatial dependence, regional disparities, industrial firms, Tunisia.

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